Explaining the scientific method should build confidence
At Elsevier, we’re constantly striving to understand how we can better support scientists. We want them to be confident in the research their work is built on — and to communicate not only their findings but how they got there so others can follow the same path or dispute the pathway itself.
Creating, publishing and reading high quality research drives scientific progress and improves outcomes for communities, patients and society at large. It’s a long, steady, cumulative process with occasional major breakthroughs all documented in scientific journals or papers. The structure of today’s scientific papers is familiar to all researchers, regardless of discipline or geography — like a recipe book to a chef, containing methods, images and charts, and a reflection of the work — an importance that shouldn’t be underestimated. A uniformity of reporting and collaboration means researchers must assimilate previous work, state their research question and why it is important, disclose their results, and then show their step forward and subject their work to peer review. It’s a rigorous process that exposes the “thinking” of every published researcher.
Research is hard and progress is hard-won — sometimes enhanced, albeit frustratingly, by getting it wrong or adjusting the direction of travel. Against our human instinct of simply wanting to be right — explaining and exploring the scientific method — being critical, being wrong — should build confidence with people because ultimately, the research process, the ethics of researchers and the process of iteration yield the biggest progress and the most benefit for society.
George Bernard Shaw once said, “Science can never solve one problem without raising ten more.” While Shaw was known for his comedic drama , his statement is as true today as it was almost a century ago in 1930. When finding faults or questioning research, we often find new areas to explore and new reasons to keep looking. With so many truths across disciplines yet to be unlocked, we cannot hope to unearth these mysteries without making mistakes or reaching unintended outcomes.
One example is the former planet Pluto. How many of us were taught — and believed without question — that Pluto would remain the ninth planet, a seemingly guaranteed fact following its discovery and description in 1930? A focus of much debate, Pluto no longer meets the criteria the International Astronomical Union now uses to define planets. Sometimes it is years later that additional knowledge helps clarify a decision on the accuracy of discoveries.
Where does this leave scientists and all those involved in the research process? As consumers of scientific culture, through pocket-sized technologies or as recipients of 4.5 billion doses (and counting) of a coronavirus vaccine, we all might embrace and understand the iterative process that is science. Rarely is it the case of a “lightbulb “moment; instead, it’s a long, methodical and thorough process that ensures quality progress.
But how public is this process?
We all need to be more vocal about the work that goes into scientific research and the checks and balances in place — to make sure everyone can be as confident as possible that research is accurate, even if it might, down the line be proven wrong.